The Human siGENOME STE Kinase siRNA Library consists of siRNAs targeting kinases that have been correlated with numerous cellular functions, such as growth, apoptosis, and morphogenesis. The Ste20p (sterile 20 protein) family comprises a diverse array of protein kinases, several of which have been shown to act as upstream activators of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs).
siGENOME siRNA reagents are globally recognized and trusted for highly effective performance in RNAi screening applications (see Supporting Data tab). Our expertise in siRNA design, experimental optimization, and siRNA screening strategies provide end-to-end support of your screening efforts.
MAPK signaling cascades allow for responses to complex stimuli such as growth factors and inflammatory cytokines. Additional targets include class III myosin, another protein kinase, as well as other sterile20-like kinases encoded by the STK genes. In mammals, protein kinases related to Ste20 can be divided into two subfamilies based on their structure and regulation. Sample targets in this library include members of the PAK and GCK.
- Guaranteed target knockdown (see Specifications tab)
- Antisense strand loading into RISC ensured by thermodynamic analysis and selective application of a sense strand-blocking modification (ON-TARGET)
- Available as SMARTpool or Set of 4 siRNA reagents arrayed in 96-well plates
For a complete list of target genes in this siRNA Library, please contact Technical Support or your local Sales Representative.
Our siRNA knockdown guarantee
siGENOME and ON-TARGETplus siRNA reagents (SMARTpool and three of four individual siRNAs) are guaranteed to silence target gene expression by at least 75% at the mRNA level when demonstrated to have been used under optimal delivery conditions (confirmed using validated positive control and measured at the mRNA level 24 to 48 hours after transfection using 100 nM siRNA).
Note: Most siGENOME and ON-TARGETplus siRNA products are highly functional at 5 to 25 nM working concentration.
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Screening with siGENOME SMARTpool siRNA reagents provides effective target silencing
Effective silencing achieved for 440 kinase genes when screened with SMARTpool siRNA reagents in two cell lines. Under screening conditions these overall results provide validation of siRNA design and SMARTpool technology for effective target knockdown. HeLa and MCF10a cells were transfected with 50 nM of each siRNA using DharmaFECT 1 transfection reagent. Target mRNA levels were determined by branched DNA assay (Panomics Quantigene® Reagent System). The pie chart represents the summary of silencing achieved for the entire data set (880 total data points). The bar graph is a representative sample of genes assayed.
Unnecessary sense-strand inactivation can increase off-target activity
Unmodified and sense strand-inactivated siRNAs were used to target five genes. In four cases, off-targets were increased due to enhanced RISC loading of the antisense strand when the sense strand was modified. The unmodified siRNAs have natural guide-strand loading characteristics. All siRNAs had comparable silencing potency. Data shown represents genes down-regulated by twofold or more. HEK293 cells were transfected with 100 nM siRNA using 0.2 μL of DharmaFECT 1. Data was analyzed at 24 hours by genomewide microarray analysis (Agilent).
Why not modify ALL siGENOME siRNAs to ensure proper strand loading? It has been demonstrated by Dharmacon scientists1 and others2 that forcing antisense (guide) strand entry into RISC may actually INCREASE off-targets due to increased loading of the guide strand and resulting off-target activity by its seed region. siGENOME siRNAs are designed with thermodynamic properties to naturally facilitate guide strand entry to RISC, which has been demonstrated to correlate with functionality1. However, in cases where a high-scoring siGENOME siRNA does not possess ideal strand-loading characteristics, a sense (passenger) strand-inhibiting chemical modification (ON-TARGET) is utilized to promote guide strand entry. Approximately 20% of siGENOME siRNAs carry the ON-TARGET modification.