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Cell lines for caspase study

The role of caspases in apoptosis

Capases are members of the family of cysteine proteases, and are involved in the process of programmed cell death known as apoptosis.

These proteins are highly regulated and under steady-state conditions caspases are present as inactive monomeric proenzymes, activation is triggered by dimerization and often proteolytic processing at defined sites.

Initiator caspases activate executioner caspases which are involved in the co-ordinated destruction of key cellular structures.

CaspasesDiagram

Caspase in immune response

In addition to their role in apoptosis, caspases 1, 4, 5 and 12 in humans also function in innate immune responses.

Caspase activity has been implicated in human disease both through defective activation and inadequate cell death in cancer and excessive activation in neurodegenerative diseases.

In the immune system hyperactivation during inflammation can lead to inflammatory conditions whilst insufficient activation can lead to an increased susceptibility to infections.

Examples of popular knockout cell lines for caspase

CASP2 CASP3 CASP6
CASP7 CASP8 CASP9

Browse our ready-to-go cell models to find your ideal cell line for caspase research.

Simply choose a cell line background, then search for your gene of interest to view all available ready-to-go models.

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