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TNF Alpha (TNFa)

TNF Alpha Signaling Cell Lines

TNF alpha signalling is an essential part of the immune system as inhibits tumorigenesis, prevents viral replication and is an endogenous pyrogen inducing fever and apoptosis. Dysregulation of this pathway has been implicated in a variety of disorders including cancer, autoimmune diseases, Alzheimer’s disease and depression.

Various anti-TNF drugs have been approved for the treatment of inflammatory related diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease and psoriasis.

TNF Alpha overview

TNF alpha exists as a transmembrane protein arranged in stable homotrimers. A soluble form of TNF alpha can be produced by proteolytic cleavage of the membrane bound form. Both forms are biologically active although the specific function of each is controversial.

TNF alpha is recognised by two main receptors: TNFR1 (TNF Receptor 1, CD120a) and TNFR2 (TNF Receptor 2, CD120b.

tnf alpha

TNFR1

TNFR1 is expressed by most tissues and can be activated by both forms of TNF alpha.

TNFR2

TNFR2 is mainly expressed in the immune system and responds to the membrane bound form of TNF alpha. Binding of TNF alpha to TNFR1 results in conformation changes in the receptor and recruitment of TRADD, this in turn binds FADD, TRAF2 and RIP and results in activation of downstream pathways such as, NF-κB, JNK and p38 MAPK pathways and death signalling. The NF-κB and MAPK pathways induce complex and long lasting transcriptional modifications and the production of interleukins and chemokines

Examples of popular knockout cell lines for TNF Alpha Signaling
ASK1 CASP3 CASP7 CASP8
cIAP1 CREB1 ERK1 ERK2
FADD IKB-alpha IKB-beta IKK-gamma
ITCH JNK1 JNK2 MAPK14
MEK1 MEKK3 MEKK4 MEKK6
MEKK7 MSK1 MSK2 NFKB1
NFKB2 NIK REL RELA
RIP1 TAB1 TAB2 TAB3
TNFRSF1A TNFRSF1B TRAF2 TRAF3
TRAF5

Browse our ready-to-go cell models to find your ideal cell line for TNF Alpha Signaling research.

Simply choose a cell line background, then search for your gene of interest to view all available ready-to-go models.

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